All in all, ETIP PV is highly supportive of the EU’s interest in following a pathway that leads to a max-1.5°C warmer world and encourages it to put in place the policies that will achieve this as cost-effectively as possible. This means acting soon. Zero net-carbon emissions are required by 2050. They will be achieved with a fully decarbonised and expanded power sector that provides services in heating and cooling, transport and possibly chemical feedstocks. The deployment of carbon-negative technologies including in the years leading up to that date may also be needed. Electricity will be needed for this, too.