European Technology & Innovation Platform PhotoVoltaics
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ETIP PV publications

Research Challenges in PV Reliability


Reliable solar PV power plants will deliver the expected performance throughout their entire service life. They will experience very limited component degradation, failures or system down-time. Improving reliability means derisking electricity production and return on investment of PV systems. Mitigation of risks supports the bankability of PV systems and serves as an enabler for accelerated deployment of solar PV technologies. Ongoing basic research remains necessary for the photovoltaic industry to continue advancing its knowledge and improving lifetime system performance. This document addresses the foundations and reasons why reliability research is crucial to the solar PV industry’s continued growth.


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Is Clean Energy Production Granted? The role of solar PV, wind and hydrogen in the shift to sustainable energy


Hydrogen is only a carrier for energy and not a primary source of energy and it can only ever be as clean as what is used to produce it. The current hydrogen supply chain relies for 95% on fossil fuels and is a vast emitter of CO2. Any support to hydrogen leading to an expansion of this current supply chain would therefore be counterproductive. On the other hand, synthetic fuels will be necessary after 2030 to reach net-zero emissions. Hydrogen production powered by PV and wind is the most likely route for the clean synthesis of such fuels.


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Vehicle-integrated Photovoltaics (VIPV) as a core source for electricity in road transport



The growing awareness of the global need for sustainable mobility empowers the application of new technological innovations to the road transport sector. Vehicle integrated photovoltaic technology (VIPV), however, is still considered a questionable issue in the automotive community. The ecological and economic value of VIPV is yet not evident. This paper aims to give an overview of the global VIPV market, in particular, the current status and future potential of PV-powered vehicles. Additionally, it studies possible added value for users, communities and stakeholders mostly focusing on batteryoperated electric vehicles (BEVs). Other VIPV applications for solar race vehicles, as well as ships, planes, trains and other small vehicles are outlined and evaluated as well. Concentrating on different Use Cases the paper estimates the economic and environmental viability of PV from technical viewpoints. In conclusion, this paper outlines strategies for integrated research and development and clarifies the main obstructions to VIPV introduction.


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Solar Skins: An opportunity for greener cities


Solar photovoltaic (solar PV) electricity has recently become the lowest cost source of electricity in most parts of the world. Solar PV supports a socially just and acceptable energy transition and integrated applications, as well as new business opportunities. This report is focusing on one of these new business opportunities. It aims at describing the added value of Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) for a successful energy transition in European cities, as well as the related opportunities for EU businesses. It describes the regulatory and market framework needed for sustainable business models for BIPV, that are adapted to city planning constraints and specificities.

This publication is a joint report of ETIP PV and SolarPower Europe.


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'Photovoltaic Solar Energy: Big and Beyond. Sustainable energy to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees' Vision and claims of the European Technology and Innovation Platform for Photovoltaics


The paper provides the evidence base to support our paper “Photovoltaic Solar Energy: Big and Beyond – vision and claims of the European Technology and Innovation Platform for Photovoltaics (ETIP PV)” released for the COP24 intergovernmental climate conference in Katowice, and now available in several languages. It also expands on the points mentioned.

The report uses the notion of defossilisation. This term builds on the more familiar “decarbonisation”, but recognises that it is not carbon atoms per se that must be prevented from reaching the atmosphere, but those carbon atoms that come from a fossil source.

 


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PV Quality and Economy (September 2018)


The strong growth of the PV sector is accompanied by high cost pressure, accelerated innovation cycles and dynamic deployment, clearly indicating that the quality of PV products and the holistic economy of PV electricity deserve special attention. PV is expected to deliver electricity at low LCOE, Energy Pay-Back Time (EPBT) and Product Environmental Footprint (PEF). This report defines quality as the ability of a product to meet demanding customer expectations while focusing on the impact of quality parameters on monetary, energy and environmental cost.


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PV manufacturing in Europe: Conference report 18-19 May 2017


ETIP PV held its annual conference on 19 May 2017 on the topic ‘PV manufacturing in Europe’. The conference was preceded on 18 May by an invitation-only meeting for associations and public officials. This report is compiled from statements made at both events. It captures the key themes that were raised and, where possible, feels its way towards conclusions.


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Supporting the Development of the European PV Industry and Markets through Enhanced Quality


This report shows that the position of the European PV Industry will be strengthened by focusing on quality at all levels, resulting in new jobs and a long-term sustainable future for all interested parties, including society at large.


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The true competitiveness of solar PV. A European case study


This report compares the levelised cost of PV electricity (PV LCOE) with retail electricity prices in different European countries and market segments. The report shows that PV electricity is already cheaper than retail electricity in all market segments and with all realistic interest rates in many European countries like Italy, Germany, the UK, Spain, Portugal and Greece. Even in countries with moderate solar irradiation and low retail electricity price like Finland and Sweden, PV will become competitive in 5-10 years.


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