Europe has 20,000 square kilometres of manmade reservoirs, on which 200 GWp of PV could be economically installed if 10 % of that surface were used.
Rationale for support
Europe has 20,000 square kilometres of manmade res- ervoirs, on which 200 GWp of PV could be economically installed if 10 % of that surface were used. In addition to this, offshore PV could be explored in sheltered and even in exposed locations.
The main market driver for floating solar is the search for area in locations with a high population density. Other ad- vantages are: the cooling effect from the water, easy track- ing by rotation of a whole platform instead of individual or small numbers of modules, reduced evaporation, reduced algae growth, easy and fast installation. Floating solar on dams for hydropower or in conjunction with wind energy induce synergies on the integration into the energy system
Floating solar (FPV) is in rapid development, with globally close to 2GWp of installed capacity. Approximately 400 MWp has been installed in Europe, of which 100 MWp in The Netherlands alone. Most installations are deployed on man-made waterbodies such as irrigation dams, industrial basins, water treatment plants and unused mining pods. The major cost components of a floating solar installation are: floating platform 28-35 % and PV modules 35-40 % [Acharya – TERI]. Today, most floating solar installations are in locations of wave category 1. For locations with high- er waves some initial studies and pilots are underway.
Targets, Type of Activity and TRL
KPIsKPIs that can be utilised for capturing progress in the above identified R&I fields are:
Alignment with existing PV standards and develop new standards where needed. (2025)
Optimised system designs (performance, lifetime, ecological impact and cost) for the subsequent wave categories (2030)
System designs with incorporated near-100 % circularity (2030)
|Performance models with high accuracy yield predictions that include the specific effects of cooling and system movements (2025)
Offshore floating solar installations for application in conjunction with an offshore wind farm, with optimised synergy on electrical
Bankability of floating solar at the level of standard solar parks, by a systematic build-up of data on performance and O&M (2030)