European Technology & Innovation Platform PhotoVoltaics

Fact sheets about Photovoltaics

Some people state that “The external costs of PV electricity are much higher than for other renewable sources.”

The fact is: PV systems, during their life-cycle, release some emissions to the environment as fossil fuels are still used in the process of manufacturing. The health and environmental impacts of such emissions may be expressed in monetary terms as “external costs”. For current PV installations in South-Europe the external costs are about 0.15 eurocents per kWh, which are comparable to wind energy, and much lower than the external costs of the fossil fuel technologies that PV displaces.